Methods of Thinking and Learning for Students
A constant barrage of methodologies have been exposed by the teachers which promises to improve instructional strategies as well as student learning with the help of institute days, team meetings, seminars and media. In order to support their effectiveness, some of this information is helpful rather some suggestion have little or almost no empirical data.
Psychologists have created documents which represented a wide range of divisions and those which have focused on education, school, developmental, social, cognitive, psychometrics, media etc. among them, each contributor has some technical skills in the application of psychological science as well as elementary, secondary, gifted or special education, social or emotional learning or school climate etc.
How thinking and learning could be improved in the classroom, a great deal of research from cognitive and educational psychology has been discovered and these are some highlights of most important findings on teacher practices which have a great impact on student’s growth:
- Growth Mindset – It has been shown by the research that those students likely to remain focused on goals and persist despite setbacks that hold the growth mindset that the intelligence is malleable as well as success is related to effort level.
- Prior Knowledge – Conceptual growth as well as conceptual change have been influenced with prior knowledge that has been shown by a research. Students add to their existing knowledge with the help of conceptual growth and similar with conceptual change, students are able in correcting misconceptions and errors in their existing knowledge.
- Facilitating the context – With the help of this principle, the students would be better able to generalize learning to new contexts if investors have invested time in focusing on deeper learning. When students get help from instructors in transfer the learning from one context to another, student growth and deeper learning have been developed.
- Practice – This principle is based on strategies that would help students in encoding and learning material into long term memory more effective way. Instructors could help students in increasing their knowledge, skills and confidence by issuing formative assessment frequently with the help of practice problems, activities and sample tests.
These documents provide an important starting point for improving thinking and learning outcomes. These principles were vetted over many years based on major documents which are related to the science of thinking and learning.