Tips for Handling Disorders in Classrooms
Education psychology of students
Emotional and Behavioral Disorder” is an important term under which several distinct diagnoses fall. It includes such as Anxiety Disorder, Manic-Depressive Disorder, Oppositional-Defiant Disorder, etc. However, these disorders popular as “emotional disturbance” and “emotionally challenged.” According to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), children with emotional and behavioral disorders exhibit one characteristic out of these:
- An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors.
- An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers.
- Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances.
- A general pervasive mood of depression.
- A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.
There are two categories of classroom disorders of the students
This category encompasses a wide range of conditions for the students of Top Engineering Colleges and institutions. Psychiatric disorders are defined as mental, behavioral, or perceptual patterns or anomalies which impair daily functioning and cause distress.
From a teacher’s perspective, psychiatric disorders present a great challenge for a number of reasons. For one, schools are not hospitals, and teachers cannot be expected to “treat” these disorders. However, students who struggle with these sorts of challenges are often undergoing treatment and may be receiving medication. After all, medication can affect people in unexpected ways.
Children with behavioral disabilities engage in conduct which is disruptive to classroom functioning and harmful to themselves and others.
Strategies for teaching students with disorders
Students with emotional and behavioral disorders need a positive, structured environment that supports growth, fosters self-esteem, and rewards desirable behavior.
Techniques for Supporting Positive Behavior
Students with emotional and behavioral disorders often need to receive instruction in a special education setting of B Tech Colleges because their behavior is too defective for a general education classroom. Here are a few ideas to guide and support growth towards more positive, adaptive behavior:
- Token economy- Students earn points, or tokens, for every situation of positive behavior. After all, these tokens can use to purchase rewards at the token store. In order for a token economy to be effective, positive behavior must get reward consistently, and items in the token store must be genuinely motivating for the student. However, this takes a fair amount of preparation and organization but has proven to be quite effective.
- Classroom behavior chart- A chart that visually plots the level of behavior of every student in the classroom. In addition, students who are behaving positively progress upwards on the chart; those who are behaving negatively fall downwards. However, this makes every student accountable and helps them monitor and reward progress.
- Lottery System- Students who behave in positive ways give a ticket with their name on it. These tickets place in a jar, and once or twice a week individuals need to draw one out. However, the winner of the lottery rewards with a prize.
- Positive Peer Review- Students are asked to watch their peers, and identify positive behavior. Both the student who is behaving positively and the student who does the identifying get rewards.